Motor Unit Number Index as a Biomarker for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Motor Unit Number Index as a Biomarker for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Major challenges in the clinical care of those with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are determining patients’ clinical stages, identifying exactly how the disease is progressing, and distinguishing SMA from other, muscular disorders. To help overcome these difficulties,...
Respiratory Care in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Intubation and Extubation 

Respiratory Care in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Intubation and Extubation 

Intubation in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) can be difficult or impossible,1 but the need for endotracheal intubation in SMA patients is increasing.2 In SMA type 1, respiratory failure can require frequent intubation in children ages three and below.3 As life...
Chest Physiotherapy in the Well Child

Chest Physiotherapy in the Well Child

Respiratory problems are the leading cause of acute illness and chronic disability in infants and children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Among children with SMA type I and type II, respiratory issues are the most common cause of death. On the other hand, when...