How Salbutamol May Help Patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy: New Insights

How Salbutamol May Help Patients with Spinal Muscular Atrophy: New Insights

The vast majority of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) cases are caused by a mutation in the survival motor neuron 1 (SMN1) gene, which leads to abnormally low levels of SMN1 gene products.1 Many attempts at therapy have focused on how to increase SMN levels in SMA...
Motor Unit Number Index as a Biomarker for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Motor Unit Number Index as a Biomarker for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Major challenges in the clinical care of those with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) are determining patients’ clinical stages, identifying exactly how the disease is progressing, and distinguishing SMA from other, muscular disorders. To help overcome these difficulties,...
Patient and Parent Perspectives on the Use of Nusinersen for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Patient and Parent Perspectives on the Use of Nusinersen for Spinal Muscular Atrophy

At the end of 2016, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved nusinersen for the treatment of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).1 Because of the high threshold for FDA approval, an abundance of data on nusinersen and its physiological effects on SMA patients...
What is Meaningful Change in Spinal Muscular Atrophy?

What is Meaningful Change in Spinal Muscular Atrophy?

A tool that is commonly used to evaluate motor function in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) patients is the Hammersmith Functional Motor Scale (HFMSE).1 Given the extensive use of this tool, particularly for clinical trial research that aims to identify and develop...
Respiratory Care in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Intubation and Extubation 

Respiratory Care in Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Intubation and Extubation 

Intubation in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) can be difficult or impossible,1 but the need for endotracheal intubation in SMA patients is increasing.2 In SMA type 1, respiratory failure can require frequent intubation in children ages three and below.3 As life...