Sleep Disorders in Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Sleep Disorders in Spinal Muscular Atrophy

Those with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) often suffer from sleep disorders, but the specific reasons for sleep disturbances vary. For instance, some studies on SMA report sleep disturbances resulting from breathing disorders like sleep apneas, whereas others report...
Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Contractures

Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Contractures

Patients with progressive neuromuscular diseases like Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) have extremity weakness that can predispose to contractures, defined as “a lack of full passive range of motion due to joint, muscle, or soft tissue limitations.”1 The etiology of...
Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Assessment of Growth and Growth Delay

Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Assessment of Growth and Growth Delay

Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA) is a congenital, progressive neuromuscular disease with the most common age of onset in early childhood.1 Childhood is a period of significant growth and development. While patients with some forms of SMA (type 0 and 1) will experience...
Orthopedic Surgery – Chest Deformity, Hip Instability, Contractures, and Fractures

Orthopedic Surgery – Chest Deformity, Hip Instability, Contractures, and Fractures

Children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) suffer from a number of orthopedic conditions. Scoliosis of the spine is quite common and is usually treated with bracing and/or instrumentation. However patients with SMA also experienced chest deformities that can lead to...