Prognosis

Prognosis

The disease course and prognosis of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) depends heavily on the clinical classification in a particular patient. For example, the prognosis of children with SMA type 0 is very poor while the prognosis in SMA type 4 patients is relatively good....

Orthopedic Surgery – Chest Deformity, Hip Instability, Contractures, and Fractures

Children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) suffer from a number of orthopedic conditions. Scoliosis of the spine is quite common and is usually treated with bracing and/or instrumentation. However patients with SMA also experienced chest deformities that can lead to...
Chest Physiotherapy and Pulmonary Care in the Acutely Ill Child

Chest Physiotherapy and Pulmonary Care in the Acutely Ill Child

Children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) often have difficulty with breathing and maintaining blood oxygenation in periods of relative wellness. As such, they often have limited reserve pulmonary and cardiovascular function. Thus during an acute illness, especially...